Chronological List of Orders and Records

A Widow's Story of a 1964 Nuclear Test Casualty






ATOMIC VETERAN - A/3C LLOYD TEED

Lloyd was ex-DOD personnel, referred to in the last half of the 20 century, as an Atomic Veteran. This name came about from the military's reference to nuclear test participants as "atomic soldiers".

Lloyd was one of nearly 500,000 Department of Defense (DOD) personnel who participated in the US Atmospheric Nuclear Test Program. The program began with the 1945 Hiroshima/Nagasaki bombing and continued until the 1963 US ban on above-ground nuclear tests.

Participants were required to take an Oath of Secrecy and were threatened with Court Martial, prison and even death if they ever spoke about or revealed any information regarding the tests or their participation. This segment of American history and resultant casualties remains a secret. Because of this secrecy, there is no mention or indication of participation in any service-members 201 Folders, orders or records. As an Atomic Veteran family member, efforts to "reconstruct" his service years must rest on what limited information is available and reasonable deduction.

Lloyd did defy his "Oath of Secrecy" to reveal to his future bride, that he had participated in nuclear tests and that he and 4 (or 5) other crew-members had developed leukemia. He stated that radiation exposure occurred when their plane flew into or through a Mushroom Cloud. He had been told by Air Force doctors that he might be sterile or have malformed children. The few details he mentioned such as, the tests took place over water, they blew away an island and that it was the first hydrogen bomb test could only mean the 1952 "IVY" series -- shot "Mike" . It is certain that he participated in additional tests, since these individuals, who were trained and had security clearances, were regularly utilized for the Nuclear Test Program. The 509th Bomb Wing was dedicated to Nuclear power and was not used as a combat unit during Lloyd's service years with the 509th. The chronology of rashes and following hospitalization and diagnosis of leukemia leads to an assumption that he also participated in the Castle test, shot Bravo.

In the early 1980's the veterans were released from their Oath, but only to the extent that they could reveal information which would be of help in claims for injuries. In the year 2001, 56 years after the first test, all DOD and DNA records are still classified and unavailable to veterans or to any Medical Research Agencies, --- other than DNA supported researchers who provide biased reports of the medical conditions resulting from radiation exposure. Although veteran and Atomic Veteran organizations have fought valiantly to have all records, names, and medical and exposure records released for independent studies, public access to any of these records has been strenuously denied. Some veterans are able to get "reconstructed" radiation exposure estimates, most of which purport exposure levels of less than 5R, regardless of how close or far they were from sources or how long they were exposed or how many tests they participated in. The DOD considers 5R to be a safe and acceptable exposure level which does not cause injury. Even though the VA has declared the dose reconstructions as useless in determing radiation exposure levels they are still considered for radiation claims. The VA has acknowledged and granted less than 3% of all Atomic Veteran claims made for radiation induced medical conditions. This gives the appearance for future historians, that there were only minimal injuries resulting from US nuclear testing.

The year 2001, finds few surviving participants. Many are suffering medical conditions, which were predicted by Nuclear Physicists in 1946 as a result of this folly. As these last remaining participants die, their story goes untold. The public and most family survivors do not know the Atomic Veteran's story of participation and repercussions and many families are unaware that family members and loved ones died as a result of radiation exposure.


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A3/C Lloyd Teed Atomic Veteran


The following information is extracted and listed in chronological order from Lloyd Teed's Air Force military orders and hospital records. Bulleted entries are from Air Force History publications and the US Defense Nuclear Agency (old AEC) reports.




1951

Dec.31, 1950................. Air Force enlistment.
til
Oct. 10, 1951................ Schooling at Sheppard AFB & Lackland AFB in Texas
May 08, 1951................ "Indoctrination" at Lackland AFB, TX
Oct. 16, 1951................ Assigned to (SAC) 47th Air Div.-509 Bomb Wing - 509 Air Refueling Squad (1)
Oct. 17, 1951................ OSI initiation for "Secret" security clearance.
Oct. 23, 1951................ "VOC" (verbal orders of the commanding officer)--DAFSC 43131B & PAFSC 43151B
Dec.15, 1951................ Assigned to Chanute AFB, Rantoul, IL for aircraft specialist training.

1952

Jan. 08, 1952................ Report to 47th Air Division-509 Bomb Wing-509 Air Refueling Squad @ Walker AFB, Roswell, NM.
Jan. 18, 1952................ PAFSC 43132b & DAFSC 43132B
Jan. 23, 1952................ "AMC 164C Temp" - Special Order #968 for transfer. Also a notation "A&D AFSC 43132B"
Mar.09, 1952................ Completed set of "Processing Forms". 43132B
Apr. 22, 1952................ "Top Secret" clearance granted by 17 District OSI (Office of Scientific Investigation).


May 05, 1952................ Lloyd and 6 additional men excused from duty.
May 21, 1952................ Lloyd and 1 additional man excused from duty.
May 28, 1952................ Overseas Processing for 90 day rotational duty to Upper Heyford, England.(43132B)
May 29, 1952................ Names of 300 airmen classified "Restricted" to "Top Secret". 6 pages
July 24, 1952................ "Secret" classification.
Sept 06, 1952................ Returned from Upper Heyford, England.
Sept 16, 1952................ "Supplemental Data" sheet listing at least 50 names with "OLD" and "NEW" numbers, which are barley legible.
....................................... Lloyds "OLD" is "0241 and "NEW" is "0342". This type of number sequence is unlike any others found in orders.
....................................... Don't know the significance.
Nov. 10, 1952............... Card entry noting " 30 day leave", no orders for verification.

1953

Jan. 01, 1953................ Issued barracks bag, jacket and cap.

Mar 24, 1953................. Lloyd fractured an arm and wore a cast til Apr. 23. Designated a "ground power unit operator" until removal of cast.
May 27, 1953................. AFSC 43152B & DAFSC 43132B is changed to DAFSC 43152B.
June 12, 1952................ PASFC is changed from 43132B to 43152B
Sept. 09, 1953............... Relieved from 509th Bomb Wing- 509th Air Refueling Squad.
...................................... Assigned to 42nd Bomb Wing (SAC) 8th Air Force Project #2077 dated Aug.05, 1953 & PDP2B19862 dated Sept.03,1953
Sept. 11, 1953............... Granted 11 days leave.





Unit patch was provided by the Air Force Historical Research Agency and does not exactly match the Wings description, which was taken directly from Lloyd's orders. Have not been able to find any record of the 42nd Air Base Group. (4)







Sept. 24, 1953.................. Assigned 8th Air Force (SAC) - 45th Air Division - 42nd Bomb Wing "H"(heavy) 42nd Air Base Group
.......................................... - 75th Bomb Squad (4) Limestone (later Loring) AFB, Limestone, Maine PAFSC & DAFSC is 43152B

Sept. 23, 1953................ Official Travel Leave, 11 days
Oct. 07, 1953................. Coded "TFC on C&A list". Placed on "Formal OJT" for DAFSC 43132A.Update of "Emergency Data".
Oct. 23, 1953.................. Receipt for "Restricted Pass".
Dec. 14, 1953.................. District 4 OSI (Office of Scientific Investigation) completes "Secret" clearance.

1954

Jan. 01, 1954.................. PAFSC 43152B changed to DAFSC 42151A.
Jan. 13, 1954................. Placed on Formal OJT DAFSC 43132 changed to DAFSC 43152A
Apr. 06, 1954.................. Patient at 4034 USAF Hospital with "raised, red circumscribed rash on chest and abdomen".
........................................ Personnel classification "USAF/AD".
Apr. 09, 1954.................. Patient at Hospital with "raised erythematous rash with small scales on trunk".
May 01, 1954................. Demoted to A2/C for "insubordination to Air Patrol". (He "slugged an AP".)
Sept.15, 1954................. "Correct TC is D"
Oct. ? , 1954.................. Unit medical records note first signs of "physical distress" with a shortness of breath, weakness, fever and chills. ....................................... (December Hospital medical reports claim that Lloyd was admitted without any previous complaints.)
Dec. 01, 1954................. DAFSC & UAFSC converted from 43152A to 43251---PAFSC is deleted.
Dec. 02, 1954................. Excused from duty.--- Hospitalized with "Lymphodenopathy".
Dec. 09, 1954................. Captain Gish visits. Biopsy: Malignant Lymphoma.
Dec. 31, 1954................. This date was his official "date of separation"(DOS). He was not released.

1955 .............................. "Retained for the convenience of the Government."

Jan. 04, 1955................. Bone-marrow biopsy confirms "Lymphatic Leukemia-Acute" and "Reticulum Cell Sarcoma".
Jan. 05, 1955................. Air evacuated to 3650 USAF Hospital, Samson AFB, Geneva, NY.
Mar. 03, 1955................. Medical Evaluation Board grants Lloyd 100% disability.
Mar. 31, 1955................. Released from hospital and Air Force and placed on "Temporary Disability".
Mar. 31, 1960................. Placed on "Permanent Disability".
June 27, 1964................. Died at VA Hospital-Woods, Milwaukee Co, WI --- age 32 years-6 months.

About 1960, Lloyd's VA doctor, Dr. Dessel, informed Lloyd that the other effected crew-members on his plane had already died and that he was the last survivor.

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Footnotes:

(1)The Army Air Force's 509 Composit Group was organized in 1945 for the express purpose of preparing and dropping the first atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The 509th Bomb Wing was activated in November of 1947 and the 509 Composit Group was assigned to the wing. The 509th Bomb Wing was the first independent Air Force Unit and was the core of the newly created Strategic Air Command (SAC). The Unit was solely dedicated to the development of Nuclear weaponry and equipment. The 509th Air Refueling Squad was created in July 1948, one of the first two pioneering air refueling units and was equipped with the KB-29M tankers. These tankers used flexible hoses for refueling and required personnel to reach outside the plane, mid-air, to dispense and receive fuel. Lloyd was a "reel operator" besides being a B-29, B-36 and R3350 engine specialist. He likened refueling to "trying to force a worm back into it's hole". The hoses were replaced by "booms" when the unit received KC-97 tankers in 1954, after Lloyd had been reassigned.

(2)The mentioned test series "Tumbler/Snapper" & "Upshot-Knothole" occurred at the Nevada Test Site in Nevada. The test series "IVY" & "Castle" occurred at the Pacific Proving Ground's Marshall Islands, Eniwetok and Bikini. Much of the test personnel were based on the islands of Guam and Kwajalein.

(3)Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) was previously known as the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). In the 1990's the name was again changed to Nuclear Threat Reduction Agency (NTRA). (A thorn by any names causes the same pain. Atomic Veterans wonder what the perceived "threat" might be.)

(4) The 42nd Bomb Wing became the host Unit for the 69th, 70th and 75th Bomb Squads, which were "reorganized" in September of 1953. None of these Squads nor the Wing had air refueling units. Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA) has provided sources for history on these squads and lists available histories for the 69th and 70th beginning in 1953 but lists a history for the 75th beginning in 1959, this suggests that the 75th Bomb Squad history is still classified. A search for a history for the 42nd Air Base Group has been fruitless and requests for information from the AFHRA has failed to evoke a response. Lloyd's orders show the structuring of an "Air Base Group" with personnel names and duties from Commanding Officers through the Chaplin, cooks, pilots, gunners and finally mechanics. The 42nd Bomb Wing is now the host unit for the Air Force University and related educational facilities. They host no other components. The term Group was replaced by Wing in the early 1950's, so do not understand the assignment of a Group to a Wing.

(5)Note the change from "Acute" leukemia to "Chronic" leukemia. Until the late 1960's or early 1970's the distinction between Chronic and Acute was based on the length of survival of the Leukemic patient. By the early 1970's, diagnosis was determined by clinical evidence. The US government and VA will not consider this while denying the recognition of Chronic Leukemia as a radiogenic disease, (caused by radiation exposure). A close reading of the Code of Federal Regulations (38CFR 3.07 and 3.09) will show that any claim of leukemia will be considered Chronic regardless of an Acute diagnosis. "Chronic" leukemia is specifically denied as a radiogenic disease and therefore excludes all earlier deaths.

Mention was made of the Marshall Island inhabitants who received massive doses of radiation during the US test on their Islands. The US government has accepted responsibility for these injuries and has developed of list of approximately 46 diseases for the Marshall Islanders that are considered to be caused by radiation exposure. This sharply contrasts with the list of 22 radiogenic diseases which are recognized for the Atomic Veterans. This strongly begs the question. How could the islanders have faced greater levels of exposure than the military personnel who were at the same location and busily removing islanders and equipment from hazardous areas of the islands? Why would they be afflicted with radiogenic medical conditions that allegedly have not effected the test participants? The atomic soldiers were no more protected than the islanders.

The various coded numbers such as DAFSC 43132B are Air Force job descriptions. PAFSC is their Primary job description while DAFSC is a Duty job description and UAFSC describes a job in which they are utilized outside their normal job description. The 431 denote a mechanics job while the additions to that number are determined by the level of experience and skill. The A or B suffix is a code indicating the type of plane related to the job description.

Coralie Teed, widow of Atomic Veteran, Lloyd Teed
1982 Wisconsin Co-Regional Coordinator for National Association of Atomic Veterans (NAAV)
Web-writer of Children of Atomic Veterans (CAV) website.

"A Widow's Story of a 1964 Nuclear Test Casualty"

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